1. Bring at least three gallons of water to a boil.
2. Dissolve the water treatment salts.
3. If you kit contains cracked grain, begin by adding grain to a saucepan of hot water. Allow to steep at approximately 150 degrees F for the time indicated (30-60 mins). Strain, rinse with hot tap water, and collect the liquid in your boiling kettle, discarding the grain.
4. Stir in the Dried Malt Extract (and Dried Rice Extract or Dextrin Powder if called for in your kit).
5. Bring to a boil.
6. Add hops as recommended in your kit instructions (usually after 15 minutes and 30 minutes).
7. Complete the one-hour boil.
8. Cool (if possible, use a Wort Chiller).
9. You now have unfermented beer, or "Wort". Transfer your Wort to a sanitized Primary Fermentor. When the temperature approaches 70 degrees F, add the Yeast.
10. Fermentation usually starts within 24 hours. Keep the Fermentor tightly covered, with a Fermentation Air Lock attached. The Air Lock should be filled half full of water, and the lid should be on it.
11. After three to seven days of active fermentation, or when bubbling has virtually stopped in the Lock and the foam has receded to the surface of the Wort, the beer is ready to transfer to a sanitized Secondary Fermentor. Siphon carefully, splashing the beer as little as possible. Fill up to the carboy neck, and attach a Fermentation Lock.
12. Give the beer three days, or more, of settling (as directed in your kit instructions).
13. Prepare to bottle.